Glossary

acceledent-aura_1.pngAcceleDent

Using a mouthpiece, AcceleDent creates microvibrations in a patient’s mouth in order to remodel the jawbone quicker. When combined with the patient’s braces or appliance, it allows teeth to move into their corrected positions faster, therefore reducing overall treatment time.

Natural-Full-Form-True.pngArchwire

A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.

3B-molar-bands-single.pngBand (orthodontic)

A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.

biteplate.jpgBite Plate Appliance

In situations where the teeth overlap to such a degree that the edges of the lower front teeth actually bite into the hard palate, orthodontists recommend the bite plate appliance, a removable device that looks like a conventional retainer in most cases. A bite plate appliance is worn full-time (except when eating and brushing) for six months to a year.

Correcting a deep bite as early as possible will favorably affect long-term stability and eliminate unnecessary pain, discomfort, ulcers, etc. When growth is modified while a person is still growing, the change becomes more permanent. One of the first things to relapse in a finished orthodontic case is an overbite. Thus, correcting a severe overbite is one of the first important corrections that needs to be made while growth is still occurring.

bite_turbo_comp.jpgBite Turbos

Bite turbos are small acrylic pads typically bonded to the upper front teeth. They are used to correct excessive deepbites and overbites and can lessen the amount of time spent in braces.

self-ligating-bracket.jpgBracket

An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.

clearviz2_1.jpgCeramic Brackets

Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.

IMGP6398_1.JPGCrowding

Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.

maxresdefault_1.jpgDebanding

The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.

Orthodontic_Photography.jpgDigital Photography

We use high-resolution digital photography to capture detailed images of your mouth, thus enabling us to maintain sharp, accurate records and keep you thoroughly informed of your treatment progress.

maxresdefault.jpgDirect Bonding

Using direct bonding, each bracket is cemented to teeth one at a time. During the procedure, the orthodontist uses tweezers or other hand instruments to accurately position a bracket on a tooth. Once the bracket is in its precise location, it is firmly cemented.

appliances-elastics.jpgElastics (rubber bands)

Used to move teeth in prescribed direction (commonly connected to molar band and upper ball hook). Found in numerous colors for better appearance.

healthy-gums.gifGingiva (gums)

The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.

headgear.jpgHeadgear

Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.

253839.jpgHerbst Appliance

Fixed or removable appliance designed commonly for overbite problems and more.

IMGP6156.JPGLingual

Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.

lingual_arch.jpgLingual Arch

A single orthodontic wire that traverses the lingual surfaces of the teeth, usually from molar to molar. Generally used for stabilization, as a holding arch for space maintenance, for expansion, or to provide anchorage for intermaxillary traction. 

dermalMaxillaMandible.jpgMandibular (mandible)

Of or pertaining to the lower jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures. 

Maxillary (maxilla)

Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures. Paired facial bones that form the base for the upper dental arch, floor of the nose and much of the lower border of the orbit and cheek bones.

IMG_5406.JPGOrthodontist

A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.

JawSurgery.jpgOrthognathic Surgery

Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.

IMGP5146.JPGOverbite

Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.

pano_1.jpgRadiograph (X-ray)

Electromagnetic radiation produced when electrons strike a target under high voltage in a vacuum. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.

compact_rpe.jpgRapid Palatal Expander

Attached to the upper molars through bonding or by cemented bands, the Rapid Palatal Expander is an orthodontic device used to create a wider space in the upper jaw. It is typically used when the upper jaw is too narrow for the lower jaw or when the upper teeth are crowded or blocked out of the dental arch. 

When patients are still growing, their connective tissue between the left and right halves of their upper jaw is very responsive to expansion. By simply activating the expander through turning a screw in the center of the palatal expander, with a special key we provide, gradual outward pressure is placed on the left and right halves of the upper jaw. This pressure causes an increased amount of bone to grow between the right and left halves of the jaw, ultimately resulting in an increased width.

retainer2_1.jpgRetainer

Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.

Retention

The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.